Pakistan is not a trustworthy country
Pakistan is the product of the conspiracy and dirty role of British Empire in 20th century. Pakistan was given to Punjab as a gift to secure the benefits of the British empire and its allies in the future.
Every nation has its own character. The Punjabi has one character that they are only and only Punjabi first & last , then Pakistani. And the name of Islam is only exploited by Punjab.
But their policy has already failed in 1971 when more than half Pakistan became Bangladesh, whereas further disintegration is around the corner.
So Pakistan is Punjab and Punjab is Pakistan. Islam is just a tool used by Punjabis to dominate, robbed and exploit the other nationalities in Pakistan and thus to keep Pakistan intact.
But Pakistan came into being on the land of Bengalis , Baluch , Afghanistan and Sindhi, therefore after the separation of East Pakistan ( now Bangladesh) , Pakistan continuously has been suppressing the other three nationalities , the Pukhtun , Baloch and Sindhi. So the Pukhtuns, Baloch and Sindhi have been fighting against Punjab to get rid of Pakistan.
Being the occupant of Afghan territory from Durand line to Indus River,Pakistan has been interfering in the internal affairs of Afghanistan since its birth to destroy it.
But more than 80% of Pakistan Army, Judiciary and establishment belong to Punjab , so by these three forces , Punjab is sucking the blood of the small nationalities in Pakistan .
Using the holy name of Islam , Punjab has been the hub of religious terrorism not only for the suppressing the freedom fighters of the other nationalities in Pakistan but also sending these terrorists for their terrorist activities to Kashmir, India and the remaining peaceful world too.
The war in Afghanistan began on 27 April 1978, when the People’s Democratic Party of Afghanistan (PDPA) took power in a military coup, known as the Saur Revolution.
Till that time since its birth in 1947 , Pakistan had been interfering in the internal affairs of Afghanistan to destabilize and weaken it due to the territorial dispute between Pakistan and Afghanistan, because the British Empire had occupied land of Afghanistan from Durand line to Indus river and then handed over to its brainchild Pakistan in 1947.
But after the 1978 revolution in Afghanistan , Pakistan started direct interference in the internal affairs of Afghanistan. However, it was a blunt violation of Durand line agreement of its article 2.
After the revolution in Afghanistan , both Pakistan and Iran were on the same page in Afghan conflict. They both strongly opposed the Soviet invasion of Afghanistan, supported the Afghanistan Mujaheddin and backed the international measures to isolate Afghan regime and the Soviet Union. But both Iran and Pakistan were supporting opposite factions of Mujaheddin and Iran never served the diplomatic links with the Kabul regime. Saudi in line with US and Pakistan supported the most radical Sunni groups to provide them funds & weapon and Iran supported the most radical Shia group.
The Saudis also separately funded Afghans who promoted Wahabbisim.
Dollar for dollar , Saudi aid matched the funds given to the Mujaheddin by the US.
The Saudis gave nearly US$ 4 billion in official aid to the Mujaheddin between 1980 and 1990 which did not include unofficial aid from Islamic charities , foundations , the private funds of princes and mosque collections.
There were also direct funds given to the ISI , as in 1989 when the Saudis handed over US$ 26 million to bribe Afghan leaders during the negotiations to form the Mujaheddin interim government in exile in Islamabad.
In March 1990, the Saudi came up with an additional US$ 100 million to Gulbuddin Hekmatyar and General Shah Nawaz Tani who wanted to organize a coup within the Afghan Army against President Najibulah which couldn’t take place.
During the 1980s and early 1990s ,the CIA had pumped cash stipends as high as $ 200000 a month to Ahmad Shah Massoud and his Islamic guerrilla organization, along with weapons and other supplies but the aid stopped in 1991 when the Soviet Union dissolved. The United states government decided it had no further interests in Afghanistan ( Ghost wars By Steve Coll).
After the withdrawal of Soviet Army , Afghanistan was handed over to the Pakistan Army and ISI which continued their dirty and hostile policy to destroy Afghanistan more and more.
As as result Afghanistan was collapsed. Kabul once an elegant city of broad streets & walled gardens turned into ruins and very worst place on the earth. No electricity , no food , no water while all the countries Pakistan , Iran , India , Saudi Arabia delivered pallets of guns and money to their preferred Afghan proxies. The governments of these countries sought territorial advantage over their neighbors.
Ahmad Shah Mahsoud was military leader but in 1996 his reputation had fallen to a low ebb. His troops showed poor discipline. Some of them mercilessly massacred rivals while battling for control of Kabul neighborhoods.
After 1992 , the Saudis continued to provide funds and fuel to the Mujaheddin government in Kabul. The fuel channeled through Pakistan , became a major source of corruption and patronage for successive Pakistani governments and the ISI.
Due to the estranged relations between Iran and the USA , the Afghan Mujaheddin groups in Iran received no international military assistance. Nor did the two million Afghan refugees who fled to Iran receive the same humanitarian aid which their three million counterparts in Pakistan received. Due to the war between Iran and Iraq, Iran had some financial problems but even then Iran was supporting the Afghan refugees by its own resource.
Iran initial support to the Mujaheddin only went to the Afghan Shias, in particular the Hazaras. Iran tried to train and finance the young generation of Hazaras to overthrow the traditional leaders who had emerged in Hazarajat in 1979 to oppose Soviet invasion. Eight Afghan groups were given official status in Iran. But by 1988 , with the Soviet withdrawal now imminent , Iran saw the need to strengthen Hazaras. They helped to unite the eight Iran-based Hazara groups into the single Hazb-e-Wahdat party.
Iran now pressed for Wahdat’s inclusion in international negotiations to form a new Mujaheddin government, which was to be dominated by the Peshawar – based Mujaheddin parties. Even though the Hazaras were a small minority and could not possibly hope to rule Afghanistan, Iran demanded first a 50-percent and then a 25 per-cent share for the Hazaras in any future Mujaheddin government.
A close ally of both Saudi Arabia and Iran, Pakistan stressed the need to maintain a united front against the Kabul regime. The Iran – Saudi Rivalry escalated after the 1989 withdrawal of Soviet troops when Iran drew closer to the Kabul regime. Iran considered the Kabul regime as the only force now capable of resisting a Sunni takeover of Afghanistan. Iran rearmed Wahdat and by the time Kabul fell to the Mujaheddin in 1992 , Wahdat controlled not only the Hazarajat but a significant part of west Kabul.
The split of Gulbuddin Hekmatyar and Abdul Rasul Sayyab was a major setback for Saudis.
Gulbuddin Hematyar opposed the newly constituted government in Kabul and joined up with the Hazaras to bombard the Kabul City. Sayyaf supported the Mujaheddin government.
As the Afghan war intensified between 1992 and 1995, so did the rivalry between Iran and Saudi Arabia. The Saudi and the Pakistanis were on the same page to sideline Iran and Hazara in any potential agreement among the various groups of Mujaheddin.
The exclusion of Iran in the 1990s by Pakistan and Saudi Arabia further embitter Tehran. Iran started not only Hazaras but also backing all non-Pukhtun ethnic groups. Iran now realized that unless it backed the non-Pukhtuns , Pukhtun Sunnis would dominate Afghanistan. In 1993 , for the first time , Iran began to give substantial military aid to the president Burhanuddin Rabbani in Kabul and the Uzbek warlord General Dustam and urged all the ethnic groups to join Rabbani.
Iran’s new strategy intensified its conflict with Pakistan. Islamabad was determined its own group into Kabul and both Pakistanis and Saudis were determined to keep the Hazaras out of any power-sharing arrangement. And thus Pakistan abandoned Iran and favored Saudi Arabia.
At that time Iran was internationally isolated. But after the collapse of Soviet Union, Iran swiftly moved into Central Asia and Iran’s Foreign Minister Ali Akbar Vilayti visited CARs ( Central Asian Republics) who signed an agreement to build a railway line between Turkmenistan and Iran. But here the USA tried to block the deal.
But Iran resisted this temptation, and forged close ties with Russia in 1989. In contrast , Saudi Arabia also made a few state-to-state attempts to improve relations with Russia or the CARs.
The Saudis took four years before they established embassies in CARs. Instead the Saudis sent millions of Korans to CARs , funded Central Asian Muslims on the Haj and gave scholarships for their mullahs to study in Saudi Arabia- where they imbibed Wahabbism. These measures only perturbed Central Asia’s rulers. Within a few years the rulers of Uzbekistan, Kazakhstan and Kyrgyzstan were to call Wahabbism the biggest political threat to stability in their countries.
Taliban controlled the wast areas of Southern and Western Afghanistan. Their rising strength shook Ahmad Shah Mahsoud.
The US Embassy in Kabul had been shut for security reason since January 1989.
Ahmad Shah Masoud send a close adviser Mahsoud Khalili to escort Gary Schroen, a CIA officer, into Kabul to discuss various issues. Schroen had been known to turn up in the past with bags full of American dollars. CIA always seemed to think Ahmad Shah Mahsoud and his men very motivated by money.
Ahmad Sha Mahsoud delivered Gary Schroen to one of half-dozen unmarked safe-houses Mahsoud maintained in Kabul. America had been a friend to Ahmad Shah Massoud over the years but a fickle friend.
When Mashoud came about 11 PM to the house where Gary Schroen, was staying , Schoren began that “ You ( Mahsoud) and I have a history, although we never met face to face”.
Gary Schroen reminded Mahsoud that in 1990 during Najibullah era in Afghanistan , we wanted to block Salang Highway. At that time your forces positioned near the Salang Highway.
The story was that in 1990 Schroen had travelled to Peshawar, Pakistan. One of Mahsoud ‘s brother Ahmad Zia, maintained a compound there with a radio connection to Mahsoud ‘s northeastern headquarters, Schroen spoke on the radio with Mahsoud about the CIA’s attack plan to shut down Salang Highway. Mahsoud agreed but said he needed financial help.
Schroen and Mahsoud agreed on a one time lump sum of $ 500.000 in cash. Schroen soon delivered the money by hand to Mahsoud brother in Peshawar. But Mahsoud didnt fulfill what he had promised. And the CIA officers suspected that they had been ripped off for half a million dollars.
During the discussion , Schroen reminded Mahsoud about it. But when Mashoud wanted to make some arguments , Shcroen finally said, “ that’s all history”. Then there was some discussion about the stinger missiles that were given to Afghan resistant in 1986.
The meeting broke up around two in the morning
But after this amount of half million dollars , Mahsoud had become an unpredictable ally.
Ahmad shah Mahsoud suffered most devastating defeat of his military career less than a week after Schroen’s departure. On September 26 at 3 A.M. Ahmad Shah Mahsoud left Kabul and Taliban captured Kabul. The CIA had not predicted the fall of Kabul that September, 1996.
Saudi Arabai viewed the Taliban as an important asset to their dwindling influence in Afghanistan. The first Saudi contacts with the Taliban were through the princely hunting trips. Maulana Fazlur Rehman head of Pakistan’s JUI organized the first hunting trips for Saudi and Gulf princes to Kandahar in the winter of 1994-1995.. The Arab hunting parties flew into Kandahar on huge transport planes bringing dozens of luxury jeeps, many of which they left behind along with donations for their Taliban hosts , after the hunt.
Saudi intelligence chief Price Turki then began to visit Kandahar regularly. After Turki visited to Islamabad and Kandahar in July 1996 , the Saudi provided funds , vehicles and fuel for successful Taliban attack on Kabul. Two Saudi companies , Delta and Ningarcho , were now involved in the gas pipeline project across Afghanistan , increasing local business local business pressure on Riyadh to help ensure a Taliban Victory.
The Wahabbi ulema in the Saudi Arabia played important the most influential role in urging the Royal family to back the Taliban. These Wahbi Ulema wanted to export Wahabbism throughout the Muslim world.
In return , the Taliban demonstrated their reverence for the Royal Family & the ulema and copied Wahabbi practice such as introducing religious police. In April 1997, Taliban leader Mullah Rabbani met with King Fahd in Riyadh and praised the Saudis effusively. And Saudi promised aid to Taliban as much as they could do.
After the Taliban captured Kabul , Iranian newspapers echoed the long – held views of official. “ The Taliban capture of Kabul was designed by Washington , financed by Riyadh and logistically supported by Pakistan”.
Since 1996 the Taliban were secretly backing Iranian groups who were anti-regime. The group received weapons and support from the Taliban. And Iranians were convinced that the Pakistanis were sponsoring them.
After the fall of Kabul in 1996 and Mazar in 1998 , Iran started to supply more military and other aid to the groups against Taliban. And thus Ahmad Shah Mahsoud became a frequent visitor to Tehran.
The Taliban were incensed with Iran’s support for the alliance. In June 1997 , the Taliban closed down the Iranian Embassy in Kabul, accusing Iran of destroying peace and stability in Afghanistan.
The killing of the Iranian diplomats in Mazar in 1998 had nearly forced Iran into war with the Taliban.
Iran felt betrayed by Pakistan on several accounts. The capture of Kabul in 1996 by Taliban was the conspiracy of Pakistan to sabotage the peace negotiations for power sharing , started by Rabbani.
And when during the Nawaz Sharif visit to Iran in June 1997 , Pakistan offered ceasefire agreement in Afghanistan , Iran considered that Pakistan had no intentions of sticking to the agreement. “ Pakistan has left no room for our trust and has destabilized its position with the Iranian people. We can not accept seeing Pakistan cause problems for our national security. “ wrote the Jamhuri Islami.
Then in the summer of 1998 , Pakistan persuaded Iran to participate in a joint diplomatic peace mission. Mid-level Iranian and Pakistani diplomats traveled together for the first time to Mazar and Kandahar on 4 July 1998 to talk to the opposite factions. Just a few weeks later , the Taliban attacked Mazar and slaughtered the Iranian diplomats, scuttling the initiative. The Iranians were convinced that Pakistan had duped them by pretending to launch a peace initiative , just as the ISI was preparing the Taliban for the attack on Mazar.
Moreover , Iran claimed that Pakistan had promised the safety of its diplomats in Mazar. When they were killed, Iran was furious and blamed the Taliban and Pakistan.
Iranian officials said that Mullah Dost Mohammad , who allegedly led the Taliban seizure of the Iranian Consulate , had first gathered the diplomats in the basement of the building and spoken by wireless to Kandahar before shooting them dead.
As a result trust between Iran and Pakistan evaporated.
In the meanwhile the perception of USA about Taliban had changed. For USA now , the new threat was no longer Shia fundamentalism , but the Sunni fundamentalism of the Taliban.
By harboring Osama bin Laden , Taliban had exposed their extremism and posed a threat to Saudi stability.
Due to all these scenarios and Pakistan’s unconditional support of Taliban, the circumstances had helped weaken Pakistan’s relationship with both the Saudi Arabia and Iran. The big loser from Iran’s return to the diplomatic mainstream was PAKISTAN.
Now Iran has proved that Iran is a responsible and stabilizing member of the international community.
Pakistan replaced Iran and is now completely isolated from the international community.
Pakistan has no morality to be trusted. Pakistan is now Pakistan because of USA military, financial and economical support but even then Pakistan has been playing a double cross game with US too.
The brainchild of Pakistan Army , establishment and ISI , Taliban, came into power in Afghanistan in 1996, but then Taliban were sold to the west by Pakistan for the sake of money in 2001. And what Pakistan did with the Taliban Ambassador Mullah Abdul Salam Zaeef in Pakistan, it should have not be forgotten by Taliban. If they are real Afghans , they shoul have taken revenge from Pakistan.
Every body knows about the revenge of the Afghans, it is one the codes of Pukhtunwali, but how Taliban can say themselves “ THE AFGHANS” when even now they are playing in the hands of Pakistan and destroying there own motherland Afghanistan. In the mean time Taliban and Pakistan are on the same page to destroy Afghanistan.
Afghanistan, Iran and India are now on the same page where Pakistan is licking its wounds about its isolation.
And it seams that soon Pakistan will become a part of History.
Mashal Khan Takkr
Editor in Chief
THE VOICE TIMES (TVT)
ALL RIGHTS RESEVED WITH ” THE VOICE TIMES “
Reference books: Taliban , Ghost Wars