The Endgames that never end in Afghanistan
Since Afghanistan first became known as buffer state , it had been a weak state barely held together by a central government in Kabul. The modern boundaries of Afghanistan were defined by European powers to benefit foreign interests , not those of the people living there.
Due to its critical location , Afghanistan has always been the victim of the foreign invaders for centuries. But all the times , the consequences of the invasions were disastrous for both the Afghanistan and invaders , specially the invasions in 19th century, when the British Empire invaded Afghanistan first in 1839 and then in 1878.
In 1839, Britain moved to pre-empt this by invading Afghanistan, but this First Anglo-Afghan War was a disaster for Britain and similarly the Second Anglo – Afghan War in 1878.
During the 19th century, Britain and the Russian Empire vied to fill the power vacuums that had been left by the declining Ottoman Empire,Qajar dynasty and Qing Dynasty. This rivalry in Eurasia came to be known as the “Great Game”
The great game was the strategic economic and political rivalry and conflict between the British Empire and the Russian Empire for supremacy in Central Asia at the expense of Afghanistan, Persia and the Central Asian Khanates/Emirates.
At that time both the Russian , the expansionist Empire, and British, the colonial empire were fighting against each others according to their own agenda . Unfortunately , they didn’t want to confront each other directly but they had made a poor country , Afghanistan as their battle field.
Then the British found that the Afghans could never be defeated in the battles field. They can be defeated in the beginning but soon after the defeat, they again emerge as big resistant power and defeat them.
So first in 1849 , to destroy Afghanistan’s Economy , the British occupied the economic hub of Afghanistan , Peshawar. Then in 1893 , using their famous formula Divide and Rule , the British divided the Pashtuns territory by drawing an imaginary line, the line of hatred, THE DURAND LINE , on the heart of the Pukhtuns to destroy their unity and power.
THE DURAND LINE TRAGEDY , Watch:
From the British perspective, the Russian Empire’s expansion into Central Asia threatened to destroy the “jewel in the crown” of the British Empire, India. The British feared that the Tsar’s troops would subdue the Central Asian khanates (Khiva, Bokhara, Khokand) one after another. The Emirate of Afghanistan might then become a staging post for a Russian invasion of India. and by 1865 Tashkent had been formally annexed. Samarkand became part of the Russian Empire in 1868, and the independence of Bukhara was virtually stripped away in a peace treaty the same year. Russian control now extended as far as the northern bank of the Amu Darya river.
1907 agreement between Russia and British. Anglo-Russian Entente: Signed on August 31, 1907, in St. Petersburg, Russia, recognized Britain’s influence over Afghanistan. The classic Great Game period is generally regarded as running approximately from the Russo-Persian Treaty of 1813 to the Anglo-Russian Convention of 1907, in which nations like Emirate of Bukhara fell. A less intensive phase followed the Bolshevik Revolution of 1917, causing some trouble with Persia and Afghanistan until the mid 1920s. And the foreign policy of Afghanistan was also controlled by the British by force.
The Great Game, 1856-1907 which is the time when Russo-British Relations in Central and East Asia were tense.
In 1919 when King Amanullah Khan declared war against the British to get the sovereignty of Afghanistan. At that time also when there was an agreement in Rawalpindi , the British were not ready to negotiate the Durand line issue but left it for future negotiation as a bone of contention.
After this Third Anglo-Afghan War and the signing of the Treaty of Rawalpindi in 1919, King Amanullah Khan declared Afghanistan a sovereign and fully independent state. Afghans celebrate independence Day every August 19. Afghanistan was never a part of British India.
From 1919 to 1973 , the government of Afghanistan was most in charge of its own internal affairs while receiving significant amounts of military and financial aid from foreign powers.
After World War Second , super powers played out their rivalries in Afghanistan in more subtle ways that fighting wars of conquest and drawing borders.
But when After second world war , the British empire was unable to continue keeping India as its colony further, so they decided to leave India, because the immense growth in nationalist sentiment in India throughout the Second World War effectively guaranteed that immediate Indian independence was a fait accompli. Fundamentally, Britain’s position in India following 1945 was untenable.
The second world war left Britain exhausted both militarily and economically.
Britain, put simply, had no other choice. It would therefore be quite inaccurate to state that India was voluntarily ‘given up. However apparently , the Britain embraced decolonization as a voluntary process with a lot of iffs and butts.
This hurried retreat, unsurprisingly described by Churchill as a ‘scuttle’, was completed by August 1947.
British subordination to the United States, the so-called special relationship as it is optimistically known in London, is so taken for granted that it is seldom subjected to critical scrutiny. Why is it that the British ruling class and its agents have since 1945 come to embrace a junior partnership in the U.S. empire so wholeheartedly?
When the Labor government came into power in 1945, it found itself confronted by widespread colonial unrest, and at the same time dependent on the United States, an imperial rival that was intent on replacing British influence throughout the world with its own. The British had neither the economic nor military strength to hold onto their empire and were forced into an unwilling retreat.
Within months of the end of the war, it was glaringly obvious that Britain lacked the means to defeat a renewed mass campaign by the Congress. Its officials were exhausted and troops were lacking.
But the British still hoped that a self-governing India would remain part of their system of ‘imperial defence’. For this reason, Britain was desperate to keep India (and its army) united. These hopes came to nothing.
The loss of India was a massive blow that seriously damaged British imperial pretensions.
Britain was now overshadowed by the United States and Soviet Union, its domestic economy had been seriously weakened and the Labour government had embarked on a huge and expensive programme of social reform.
Britain was finding it too costly to protect its remaining colonies.
Britain did not have the military strength and economic resources to defeat the resulting freedom fighters. Moreover, Washington would not finance such an imperial endeavor: they wanted to replace the British, not prop them up.
In May 1947 two American responsible officers , Ronald A.Hare, Head of the division of South Asian affairs and Thomas E.well 2nd Secretary of US Embassy in India, visited Mohammad Ali Jinnah in his house in Bombay( now Mumbai). Jinnah promised them that Pakistan will protect the interests of America in the region and being a Muslim country , Pakistan with other Muslim countries would stand together against USSR.
What the British hoped for at this time was a partnership with the United States on relatively equal terms. Hopes of an equal relationship were soon eclipsed, however. Now America was an emerging world power on the world stage. The British state no longer had the power to protect its global interests.
The Cold War played an important role in legitimizing the U.S. empire.
Despite the collapse of the foundations of Britain’s rule in British India , London remained committed to a colonial presence in the region in some way or the other. So the idea of Pakistan was developed in 1939 to keep this country as the client state of British or its allies which will be completely depended upon them , strategically, financially , militarily and economically.
The British Empire had been sucking the blood of the Indian people to feed it own people for centuries, since 1775 to 1857 through East Indian company and then directly from 1857 till 1947. But when they decided to quit India, they wanted to cut into peices the motherland of the Indian people as the reward for the Indian land which had been feeding the British families in Britain for centuries.
But on the other hand , the thirst of the British to destroy Afghanistan could never end and continuing their this thirst , the British handed over the land of Afghanistan from Durand line to Indus river to an unnatural state of Pakistan in 1947 which came into being on the lands of Afghanistan, Baluchistan , Bengal and Sindh under the hegemony of Punjab by its Army , civil military establishment and Judiciary.
And thus the bone of contention was left deliberately between Afghanistan and Pakistan. Because the British knew that Afghanistan would never recognize its territory to be a part of Pakistan, and will be demanding it for ever. As a result , there will be permanent clash between Afghanistan and Pakistan which will be in the interest of the British to keep both Afghanistan and Pakistan dependent upon them or on its allies. And thus the British or its allies will stop the expansionist policy of former USSR in that region and protect its oil interests in Middle through a so called Islamic state of Pakistan. And the other objectives were to make India weak by dividing its army , food basket of Punjab and also dividing the Bengal gulf.
And the irony is that the Muslims who were used by the British Empire for the slogan of Pakistan , were from Lakhnavo , Madrass , Bombai , and Nagpore . These territories had nothing to do with the territories where the Pakistan had to be made. And the Muslims in those territories were in minority. Non of these territories became part of Pakistan.
As a result those Muslims who betrayed their motherland India , migrated to Pakistan. In the army , and civil and military establishment those Muslims were given the highest posts. And the Pashtuns, Baloch , Sindhi and Bengali were given in the slavery of Punjab, with the help of Punjab dominated Pakistan Army , establishment and judiciary.
Pakistan came into being in 1947. And since day one , to keep Afghanistan territory from Durand line to Indus river intact to it, Pakistan continued the same British Policy to destroy and weaken Afghanistan which continues till to date.
Afghanistan had been a buffer state between Britain and Russia and after 1947 Afghanistan was considered a buffer between US-backed Pakistan and Iran, on one side and the Soviet Union on the other hand.
But after the second world war , another game started which is called cold war between USSR and USA with its allies.
As the cold war between USA and USSR was in full swing , Afghanistan became the perfect battleground for the world’s two superpowers to fight a proxy war that would decide once and for all who would dominate global politics.
Pakistan was allowed to destroy and weaken Afghanistan since 1947.
Since 1973 Pakistan had been inviting the radical elements from Afghanistan , trained , equipped and financed them for the militancy in Afghanistan.
One Washington policy maker has claimed that US support for Islamic extremists was not a consequence of the December 1979 Soviet invasion , but predated it. President Jimmy Carter’s National Security Adviser Zbigniew Brezenski told an interviewer in 1998 that the U.S began covert support for Afghan rebel groups based in Pakistan by mid-1979.
Soviet Union invaded Afghanistan on 24th December 1979 , but it was July 3 , 1979 that President Carter signed the first directive for secret aid to the opponents of the pro-Soviet regime in Kabul.
When former USSR invaded Afghanistan in 1979, Pakistani dictator and president Zia ul Haq called it a God gifted opportunity for Pakistan. And that opportunity was how to destroy and weaken Afghanistan.
On the other hand some in the United States saw the Soviet invasion as a gift. To Brezenski , the Russian move was a blunder that the U.S had to use it to its fullest advantage. “ The day that Soviets officially crossed the border , I wrote to President Carter : We now have the opportunity of giving to the USSR its Vietnam war.”
The Afghan resistance i-e the seven Islamist “ Mujahideen” or “ Jihadi” groups based in Afghan refugee camps in Pakistan received the bulk of US and Saudi monetary , military and logistic support via the Pakistani Inter-Service intelligence Directorate (ISI).
Dictator Zia ul haq insisted that support for the Mujahideen from the outside world had to flow exclusively through Pakistani hands , principally through the Pakistan’s army’s directorate for inter-servvices intelligence ISI and the ISI jealously maintained its exclusive access to the Mjuahideen.
Continuing the British Policy , Pakistan has been destroying and weakening Afghanistan since its birth , in 1947 but now Pakistan was double happy, first to destroy Afghanistan and second to make atomic bomb with the help of US and Saudi money.
It was not only Afghan Mujahideen who were harnessed by the US and its allies ( Western Europe , Saudi arabia, Pakistan , Egypt and China) to fight the Soviet Union but “ Jihadis” from around the globe to fight the “holy war” against the atheistic communist invaders.
The primary concern in Washington was the Soviet presence and its threat to U.S interests. The price of this for the Afghan people was never considered. Milton Bearden , CIA station chief in Pakistan from 1986 -89 said: “ The United States was fighting the Soviets to the last Afghan.”
However, James Nathan , a political scientist at the university of Delaware , criticized the politicians for wanting to put Afghan lives on the line to fight Washington’s war.
But Afghanistan was destroyed . However it is easier to destroy a state than to build a new one, and US planners exempted themselves from doing the later , while concentrating on the former.
As a result , 2 millions Afghans were killed, 5 millions were disabled, 5 millions were compelled to leave their country and 5 millions were displaced internally.
But in Afghanistan America’s beneficiaries turned out to be America’s worst enemies.
The repercussions of U. S .policy in the recruiting , financing , training , and arming the most fanatical elements in the Muslim world to fight in the great Jihad against the Soviets, still echo today every where , especially in Afghanistan. But this US Policy is almost never admitted.
After the withdrawal of Soviets from Afghanistan , Russian Foreign Minister , Edward Shevarnadze told to the supreme Soviet in 1989 that we committed the most serious violations of our laws, our party and public norms to invade Afghanistan. As Shevarnadze apologized for his country’s role in the destruction of Afghanistan , US president Ronald Reagan authorized an increase in funding to the Mujahideen and rejected moves toward peace.
A ceasefire offer from Russian President Gorbachev was declined by the US who wanted to prolong the bloodshed until the last trace of Soviet influence was expunged.
The varying degrees of fundamentalism espoused by the seven Pakistan- based parties were taken to represent the opinions of all Afghans. While denouncing the Dr. Najeebullah, the United State offered no political alternative to him, rather than the seven groups, a few of which were aligned politically with most Afghans.
Washington’s blanked endorsement of the extremists had the effect of “weakening and undermining secular nationalist leadership , and fragmenting power in every locality” of Afghanistan.
According to Barnett Robin , “ ISI and CIA sponsored military activity increasingly took the form of encouraging individual commanders to fire rockets into Kabul city, where they mainly killed the civilians. And the commanders were paid for each rocket fired. According to New York times correspondent , John F. Burns, at least a thousand civilians were killed in Kabul during the first year after the Soviet withdrawal. Kabul was buring and who burnt it were paying for it. On the other hand Pakistan had no intention of withdrawing support from the Mujahidden , so the shelling of Kabul continued.
Najibullah fled his post on April 16 , 1992. Almost immediately , Washington lost all concern for the deepening crisis for which it was in large part responsible. The truth is that the Bush Administration didn’t care anymore what happened in Afghanistan. Unfortunately for the Afghan people , it was the beginning of another era of devastation, fueled by Pakistan.
From April 1992 to February 1995 , before the Taliban took power, at least 25,000 civilians were killed in Kabul by indiscriminate shelling by all seven group Mujahideen , according to Western agencies.
Approximately 80 percent of Kabul had been reduced to rubble by early 1995, when the Pakistan-backed Taliban first started bombing the city. John F. Burns wrote , “ whole neighborhoods look like Hamburg or Dresden after world war 2nd bombing raids.
According to Michael Griffin, “No city since the end of the Second World War – except Sarajevo – had suffered the same ferocity of jugular violence as Kabul from 1992 to 1996. Sarajevo was almost a side-show by comparison and , at least it wasn’t forgotten.”Intervening in Bosnia was considered important to US national interests , whereas Afghanistan was ignored.
In 1992 the Bush Administration promoted a court to try war crimes by parties to the war in Bosnia. In doing so , the administration said it was sending “ a clear message that those responsible for the atrocities and gross violations… must be brought to justice.” But no such court was supported for Afghanistan , where , according to the New York Times , “ the onus for fueling a murderous war in Afghanistan falls on the U.S.and Pakistan.”
Amnesty international blamed the foreign powers that had originally supplied rockets and other weapons to Mujahideen against the Soviets for catalyzing the destruction . “ Afghan civilians have paid a terrible price for international involvement in their country’s affair.
After the fall of Najibullah Government , the government of Afghan Mujahideen was established in Peshawar under the supervision of the then prime minister of Pakistan Nawaz Sharif government. And Pakistan started another game in Afghanistan.
Overtly Pakistan was supporting their government but covertly , Pakistan was preparing another group against the Mujahideen government because Pakistan has never wanted Afghanistan to be a stable state.
Due to the civil war , fueled by Pakistan, Afghanistan was descending into another anarchy.
Essentially the U.S. Invested in terrorism in the 1980s, and the Afghan people reaped the “ dividends”most horribly after the withdrawal of Soviets.
Between 1992 and 1996 , Western governments and the Western media turned their backs to Afghanistan. They got what they wanted , there was no need for Afghanistan any more.
In late 1994 with the full backing of Pakistan a new generation of fundamentalists, now called Taliban appeared , bringing a new era of terror for the Afghan people , especially Afghan women. A January 1995 secret cable from the U.S. Embassy in Islamabad described the Taliban as “ well-armed , militarily proficient and eager to expand their influence.
The mentor of the Taliban was the Pakistan Army , ISI and Pakistan established. That’s why they were fully armed, fianced and trained professionally by Pakistan Army.
So with the help of Pakistan Army and intelligence organization ISI , Taliban came into power in 1996. And thus another era for the destruction of Afghanistan and their atrocities agaisnt the Afghan people was started.
The brutalities of the Taliban government , its support of terror, its oppression of women and its iron grip on the people continued. The Pakistan intelligence organization ISI had full control over the Taliban government. It was just a puppet government.
The Clinton administration appeared eager to to build ties with the Taliban government, and showed interest to open Embassy in Kabul. The Clinton State Department like the Carter , Reagan and Bush Departments before it , unconcerned with the human rights consequences of having armed fundamentalists in charge of Afghanistan.
Within hours of its control of Kabul , by the direction of ISI Taliban hunted former president Najibullah, tortured him and hanged him in public. Dismissing women from from work and confining them to their homes.
The possible stabilization of war-torn Afghanistan by the Taliban was expected to yield a windfall for US based Oil company UNICOL , who wanted to build natural gas and oil pipeline from Turkmenistan to Pakistan via Afghanistan.US responsibility for the rise to power of the Taliban includes direct support in the form of a pipeline deal between the Taliban and a U.S. Corporation ( UNICAL). The situation in Afghanistan was standard for the company UNICAL, notorious for having abusive governments as business partners.
During the Taliban regime , Pakistan wanted to take Afghanistan to stone age. All terrorist organizations camps , including Al Qaeda were transferred to Afghanistan. And all the terrorist activities not only in Afghanistan but in the world were directed from those training camps , like 9/11 tragedy.
Pakistan deliberately transferred those terrorist camp to Afghanistan for their future plan to destroy Afghanistan. The plan was to declare Afghanistan as a terrorist state by the world community which could lead Afghanistan to disintegration. But the world community was silent and the destruction of Afghanistan in all fields of life continued according to the everlasting Agenda of Pakistan.
So after the August 7, 1998 embassy bombings , the United States under president Clinton went from a policy of polite diplomacy towards Afghanistan to a policy of threats , aggression and sanctions.
50 cruise missiles were fired at the compound of a training camp in Khost , where hundred of terrorist leaders , including Osama Bin Laden , were supposedly gathering. 21 people were killed and 53 wounded. Apparently Osam bin Laden had left house earlier. Two ISI officer were also killed, who were giving training to the global Al qaeda terrorists for the terrorist activities in the world.
This camp had been financed by ISI and built by a Pakistan contractor.
On October 1999, the US sponsored a resolution (1267) in the United Nation Security council that imposed sanctions on the Taliban. The Taliban immediately shut down the UN mission in Afghanistan and exited from the negotiations.
When the Taliban’s Islamic Emirate of Afghanistan was sanctioned by the United Nations in 1998 , Pakistan would stand by the Taliban and continue to give it aid. Taliban , was the most effective means for advancing Pakistan’s ambitions in Afghanistan and it continues till to date.
Ahmad Rashid , a Pakistani Journalist says that by 1997 the Pakistanis were providing 30 million dollars in aid annually to the Taliban as well as free oil to run the country’s war machine. By 1999 on-third of the fighters in the Taliban were either Pakistani fundamentalists or foreign volunteers who arrived by way of Pakistan.
Mullah Umar gave Osama bin Laden the authority to run his terrorist empire and to plot attacks abroad from Afghanistan, and thus al Qaeda became a state within a state.
The alliance of Taliban and al Qaeda would set the stage for 9/11 , which in turn set the stage for the U.S. intervention in Afghanistan.
The Taliban goverment was quickly toppled from Power and United States and NATO allies took on the challenge of building a new Afghanistan.
The role of Pakistan has always been very destructive for Afghanistan. In case of Soviets invasion , Pakistan played the role against the occupation of USSR but in case of US and NATO occupation , Pakistan supported their occupation. However, both the US and USSR were the occupants. The fact is that Pakistan never loses any opportunity how to destroy Afghanistan. But even then Pakistan was not sincere with its allies like US , NATO and ISAF and was playing double cross game to prolong the war in Afghansitan.
At last that terrible nightmare of Taliban regime for Afghan people lasted for 5 years.
Afghanistan is a weak state pulled apart by its neighbors. The 1979 Soviet invasion, then after the Soviet withdrew , various factions occupied and then lost control of the capital, Kabul, until the rise of Taliban government in 1996.
In fueling the Afghan civil war fueld by Pakistan , destroyed state institutions and killed 2 millions Afghan , five millions were disabled and five millions were forced into exile of moderate Afghans who might have helped rebuild the country,
Pakistan and the world community bear a large share of the responsibility for its destruction. Because according to its demand , Pakistan was given free hand by Washington and the world community to do what it wanted in Afghanistan. And it has always been the agenda of Pakistan to destroy and weaken Afghanistan to such an extent that it will not be able to demand for its territory occupied by Pakistan.
In 1998 US Embassy bombings and the US “retaliation” to them, changed the status of Afghanistan in Washington DC. Living in Afghanistan, Osama bin Laden , was behind the bombings. The US demanded and threatened Taliban government to hand over Osama bin Laden. A US diplomat told the Far Eastern Economic Review, “ We are determined to make life for Taliban very very difficult in every field – political , economic , military and in terms of their foreign relations- unless they hand over bin Laden.
But on the other hand , Pakistan was behind Taliban in making any decision. The then Director General of Pakistan Intelligence organization ISI General Mahmood had told to Mullah Umar ( Taliban leader), not to hand over Osama bin Laden to US , and promised full support fighting against America and its allies. And as the puppet government , Mullah Umar had no other option but to refuse handing over Osama to US. And that double cross game of Pakistan , could destroy Afghanistan to the fullest which Pakistan wanted to have solved the Pukhtunistan issue by making Afghanistan too weak with all respects.
But after the tragic events of 9/11 , media attention to Afghanistan dramatically increased and the U.S.’s war on terror was launched. Thus after 9/11 another game started in Afghanistan , when USA along with its allies and NATO invaded Afghanistan in 2001 , they did tremendous job to topple the government of Taliban in Afghanistan in October of 2001 . The people of Afghanistan took a sigh of relief.
But then US and NATO started to bomb Afghan people to save their lives.
The Afghans warned the U.S.to not repeat the mistakes of allying with fundamentalists , but once again the fate of civil society was less important than “getting the job done”. Within two months, the Taliban retreated and Northern Alliance member began reestablishing themselves into positions of power and repeating the same mistakes.
Meanwhile , on the political front , Afghanistan’s government was redesigned by the US with Hamid Karzai as president. Prominent members of Northern alliance were repaid for their help in toppling the Taliban with high – ranking positions in the interim government while most ordinary Afghans were excluded.
After the fall of the Taliban , Northern Alliance warlords obtained more power than the central government.
Women’s rights activists in RAWA made an “ appeal to the United Nations and World community “ asking the UN to intervene to protect them from Northern Alliance commanders:
“The retreat of the terrorist Taliban from Kabul is a positive development , but the entering of the rapist and looter Northern Alliance is the city is nothing but a dreadful and shocking news for about 2 million residents of Kabul whose wounds of the years 1992 – 96 have not healed yet. We would like to emphatically ask the UN to send its effective peace keeping force into the country before the Northern Alliance can repeat the unforgettable crimes they committed in the said years.”
But from 2001 onward , another game started in Afghanistan. That was the dirty game as usual of Pakistan against Afghanistan. Only USA had given 25 billion dollars to Pakistan to fight against Al Qaeda and Taliban. But Pakistan started double cross game. Pakistan with a part of that money provided the training camps to Taliban fighters and Alqaeda in Pakistan to reorganize themselves for the terrorist activities in Afghanistan. For the leadership of Taliban Pakistan organized Quetta shura in Quetta Balochistan, Pakistan.
Due to a lot of causalities of the innocent people of Afghanistan , anti-American anger started boiling over.
With the help of Pakistan army and ISI , Taliban had made a hell on earth for the men and women of Afghanistan during their tenure. But Pakistan wanted to continue the support of Taliban even after the Taliban government was toppled.
Those militants have been attacking the , Afghan , US and NATO forces. They have also been targeting the peaceful innocent population of Afghanistan till to date.
According to Human Rights Watch report, after the invasion of Afghanistan by NATO , US and its allies , “ up to 60 percent of deputies in the lower house of parliament were directly or indirectly connected to the current and past human rights abusers.
But slowly and gradually Afghanistan dropped off the media’s screen once the main event in Iraq was launched. But the dirty game of Pakistan continued.
US and NATO forces started bombing the people to save them . Even cluster bombs were dropped and the innocent children, women , elders were killed.
The New York Times Nicholas Kristof wrote that : One of the uncomfortable realities of the war on terrorism is that we Americans have killed many more people in Afghanistan than died in the attack on the World Trade Center. Innocent civilians were killed by the US to save the lives of others.
Since 2001 , hundreds of men , women and even some boys designated as “ enemy combatants” for the Taliban or al-Qaeda , had been arrested by the U.S., imprisoned , tortured , and in a few cases killed. Several hundreds were sent to Guantanamo Bay in Cuba. Though , the exporting of prisoners to other countries that are known to have atrocious human rights records is called “ extraordinary rendition”.
One Afghan villager said : “ The foreign troops gave me medicine and also Radio and corn seed. He asked if we needed anything . I said ,” We don’t need anything. Don’t humiliate us. Don’t rob our country. Don’t commit crimes. We don’t need anything.”
According to BBC report that life in Afghanistan is not good , people are dissatisfied . There is growing frustration and 40 percent of the populations is hungry. The Taliban and other militants , backed by Pakistan , were using this situation for the justification of their own terrorist activities in Afghanistan.
As the “ war on terror” occupied the headlines , the newspapers failed to scrutinize either the past and current empowerment of fundamentalists or the manipulation of Afghan “democracy” by U.S.players for U. S.benefit. On the eve of the Pentagon’s “ Operation Enduring Freedom” in October 2001 , women’s rights were touted as a reason to fight the Taliban , and most Americans sympathetically supported a “ war to liberate women.” But what is the role of USA in helping destroy women’s rights in Afghanistan through the support of fundamentalists? What about the continued oppression of Afghan women in the Post-Taliban Afghanistan?
As a result Afghanistan is still a very dangerous place for the ordinary people who live there. With the help of Pakistan , Taliban have intensified their attacks to kill the innocent people.
As always the Afghan people pay the price for decisions made by the Pakistan , US and its allies, and are now caught between the agendas of Islamic fundamentalism ( Taliban, al-Qaeda) and Western imperialism ( U.S. , NATO)
Immediately after the fall of Taliban in 2001 , the U.S. and international community had an opportunity to fill the military vacuum in the country with the peace keeping forces to help civil society recover from decades of war. However this window of opportunity was lost as the US prevented an expansion of the United Nation – led ISAF ( International Security Assistance Force) outside Kabul and instead focused tens of thousand of troops to hunt and kill Taliban , Al Qaeda remnants. This tactic has clrearly failed to bring about security in Afghanistan.
Zakia , a student activist at Kabul university , said :
“ America knew that Afghan people are very powerful and very brave. So they even destroyed the bravery of Afghan people. They had such bad policies in Afghanistan , such bad things happened in Afghanistan , that all people are now not brave , they are just beggars…. That’s why they need American troops.”
Disarm the Warlords and help Bring Them to justice.
During to a survey of Human Rights research , 88 percent Afghans wanted the government to do more to reduce the powers of commanders, with 65 % saying that disarmament was the most important step toward improved security in Afghansitan.
Mariam , a middle aged woman living in Farah province said ,” She thought of the U.S. policies of bombings Afghanistan from Air and supporting the warlords on the ground is not the solution of the problem. Don’t kill these fundamentalists and Taliban- we only say , don’t send them rifles , you should disarm them.
The countries like Pakistan which sponsors and supply arms to them must be punished like Cambodia in Vietnam war,
Internally in Afghanistan , the disarming process is the best thing to bring peace in Afghanistan. If disarming takes place there will be justice in Afghanistan , there will be a good constitution and law in Afghanistan , then after that the Afghans can do a lot of economic projects for Afghanistan. It is important to disarm warlords first to enable justice – that will then improve the economic and financial part of the country and the society will progress day by day.
Nader Nadery , the spokesman for AIHRC said:
The Afghans want to get rid of warlords. But if they will be reappointed at the same positions, then the people will realize no change. If they will be in power , the system will not be able to achieve a democratic Afghanistan in future. These perpetrators must be brought to justice and remove them from office rather than provide political support for these people to be in power.
In the non-existence of the above scenario , Afghan see the U.S. as more a problem that a solution.
Today Afghanistan is known as the “ sick man” of Asia . The statistics on health , literacy , employment and lifespan , especially for women have changed little since the fall of Taliban
But several years later, little attention is paid to Afghanistan globally or in the United States. Polls reveal that today Americans are less interested in Afghanistan.
Due to the hostile policy of Pakistan towards Afghanistan , Afghans are at war for the last 35 years any way. Pakistan is not ready to quit this dirty game of intervention in the internal affairs of Afghanistan. Pakistan demanded to its puppet Taliban government to recognize the disputed , imaginary line , Durand line , as an international border between Pakistan and Afghanistan, because non of the government in Afghanistan has recognized this line as the international border and claim the territory from Durand line to Indus Rive is Afghan territory, occupied by Pakistan. Each and every person in Afghanistan is not ready to recognize this line and are dreaming to take back its territory back from Pakistan.
Conclusion : So now the only solution is , “that all Afghans , the army and the civilians , must join hand to fight a final war against Pakistan and take its territory from Durand line to Indus river back. Former King of Afghanistan , Dost Mohammad Khan had also been begging the British Empire to give him back his territory, but he got nothing. Now only and only the Afghans can take back its own occupied territory from Pakistan like Bengali did in 1971. At that time also the West were using unspeakable words against the Indra Gandhi, because they didnt want to disintegrate Pakistan. But it happend and more than half of Pakistan became Bangladehs. But if Afghans are not prepared for that then they must know that for the last 35 years Afghanistan is bleeding and will be bleeding until and unless Pakistan will be disintegrated and make a part of history.
Mashal Khan Takkar
Editor In Chief
THE VOICE TIMES ( TVT)