Who Made Afghanistan A Bleeding Wound
Pakistan , under the Prime ministership of Nawaz Sharif , established such an Afghan government in Peshawar, that the Prime minitster of AIG ( Afghan Interim Government) couldnt go to the Capital , Kabul . A civil war started. In kabul in one street there would be the government of one party and in the other street of another. And Pakistan was fueling this civil war. On the other hand Pakistan started to prepare another group as their proxy in Afghanistan whch is now known as Taliban . So Pakistan was not interested in Jehad , but just to destroy Afghanistan. If Pakistan was only interested in Jehad , then by the support of Pakistan , the seven Party alliens came into power, then why Pakistan was fueling the civil war in Afghanistan and why they needed Taliban then?
” Mullah umar was not even street smat. He was so stupid it was easy for the ISI to use him” – Hafizullah Khan.
Before the summer of 1994 was over, Mullah Omar had acquired Pakistani advisors.
When Taliban came into power , at that time Pakistan , Saudi Arabia and UAE recognized the Taliban government. They dreamed of creating an Islamic caliphate streting across South and Central Asia, home of some 500 million Muslims. Pakistan , the first nuclear-armed state , would be its core but at that time no Western government seemed concerned.
In 2001 the United State was walking into the Islamist’s trap.It was just Al-qaeda wanted: Afghanistan again to serve as a battleground for Muslim fighters against the Superpower and thus again Afghans were the victims.
The Afghans were never advocates of terrorism yet they bore the brunt of the Punishment for 9/11.
On 25th of October,2001 a brave and clever man Abdul haq was killed in the dying days of the taliban. He was short dead by the Taliban interior minister Mullah abdul Razzaq who especially was close to the ISI and Abdul Haq was a strong , charismatic who opposed Pakistan’s policies toward Afghanistan.
Karzai had just been named the interim leader of Afghanistan at a conference , organized by the United Nations of anti-Taliban groups gathered in the German city Bonn.
Pakistan, supposedly an ally, have proved to be perfidious , driving the violence in Afghanistan for its own cynical, hegemonic reasons. Pakistan’s generals and mullahs have done great harm to Afghan neighbors and NATO allies.
Pakistan , not Afghanistan , has been the true enemy. But unfortunately as ususal it costed Afgahnsitan so many innocent lives.
Media in Pakistan is under control of ISI. For more than two decades , the Pakistani military has been manipulating the media to hide the truth from its own people and its allies about the depth of its support for Islamists terrorism.
The taliban had sought to gain control over the whole country and establish a fundamentalist Islamist regime, the Islamic Emirates of Afghanistan. By 2001 , they had come close to achieving that aim. But after 9/11 attacks in United states , everything changed.
When USA and it allies invaded Afghansitan , it took just over a month for Taliban rule to collapse in the north. The Taliban were suddenly on the run.
At that time in Afghaistan , there were also hundreds of Pakistanis: scores of military advisors and trainers, memebers of Pakistan’s Inter-Services IntelligenceISI , which were secretly assisting the Taliban ; trained fighting men from Pakistan militant groups , which had long used Kunduz as a base in northern Afghanistan to train recruits and support the Taliban campaign; and hundred of illiterate villagers and religious students who had rushed to support the Taliban on the urging of their religioius leaders when the United states began bombaing.
President Musharf put three calls to General Dostum. Musharaf confided to Dostum that he had been wrong to support just one group in Afghanistan-the Taliban- and said he wanted to rectify that.
The leadership , under the direction of Mullah Umar and his defense minister , Mullah Obaidullah Akhund , had crucial support from Pakistan. During the kunduz siege, Pakistan began evacuating its own people and Afghan Taliban on secret military flights from airfield on the edge of town. About three thousand Pakistanis trapped there, including trained military operatives.
Pakistan had long boosted the Taliban’s military campaign with its own troops and advisors but had always kept them hidden from international scrutiny , using retired officers on contract, civilians and active soldies , never in Uniform.
Two battalions of Pakistanis , including special forces , artillary units, hudreds of snipers, had controlled the ariport and strengthened the Taliban front lines in the north.
By the end of 2001 , th Taliban’s grand sheme to establish an Islamic emirate in Afghanistan had to an ignominious end.
It was the end of Taliban rule in Afghnaistan , a resounding defeat for the radical Islamist movement and its leadership. It was also a defeat for Pakihstan’s scheme to control Afghanistan by proxy.
Yet Taliban still had many friends in Pakistan, some of whom were highly placed and influential. Their adopted homeland proved more welcoming than threatening.
In December 2001, in the Pakistani frontier city of Peshawar , which had long been a center of Afghan Mujahideen in exile, Taliban commanders convened a council of war. They gathered in a large meeting hall to discuss what they should do next.
Watching from the sidelines were several well-known figures from the Paksitan military and intelligence services. Among them was the late Major General Zaheer ul-Islam Abbasi, a former military and intelligence officer. Abbasi was one of the most active supporters of the militant groups in the years after 2001. Mir Ali, a town in North Waziristan , would become the central headquarters of the resistance, and Abbasi would visit the place at least twice in the months.
Another well known figure in the meeting was , the master trainer of Jihadi fighters , was col.imam.His real name was Brigadier Sultan Amir Tarer. Mullah Umar was also one of his trainee. When taliban were in power , he was running Pakistan consulate in Herat as diplamate.
For two decades , Pakistan had used proxy forces, Afghan Mujahideen and Taliban in Afghanistan and Kashmiri militants against India, to project its influence beyond its borders.
The meeting lasted several hours. Discussion focused on how to confront the American military in Afghanistan and their Afghan partners. The Taliban leaders divided in Afghanistan into separate areas of operations, assigning command of each geographical region to different men who would direct an insurgency. The plan , they were told , was to ” trip up America.” The Taliban comeback was underway.
The attacks of 9/11 cost Usama bin laden everything: his bases, his followers. and eventually his life but he achieved one aim-dragging the United states into war on Muslim Lands and creating a great conflagration between the Western and Muslim worlds.
Just days before the assault , the top operational commander of the Taliban , Mullah Borjan, had told to a Pakistani Journalist that ISI officers had given him orders to execute Najibullah as one of his firsts upon taking Kabul.
But then Pakistan also didnt trust him and so they wanted to remove him from the surface to keep the secret intact. So Mullah Borjan was assassinated by his bodyguard, a Pakistani from Kashmir.
The journalist summed up: ” The Taliban do not have minds of their own.
When the Taliban took kabul days later, the first thing they did was to kill Najibullah and his brother stringing them on Ariana square. The first ring of Taliban fighters controlling the gawping crowds were Urdu-speaking Pakistanis. Some of them were dark skinned and wearing sunglasses, Abdul Waheed Wafe who was there told to Charlotta gall.
The ISI demand had been met.
Pakistani military and intelligence suport for the Taliban remained extensive and committed right up to 2001. Western diplomats knew that Pakistan was helping the Taliban’s military campaigns with specialized troops.” You would see a sudden qualitative improvement in the Taliban , such as in coordinating artillary fire”.Grenier said.
Ahmad Shah Mahsood was assassinated two days before the 9/11 . The two Al-Qaeda assassins arrived in Kandahar from Pakistan and stayed there for two weeks. The Pakistani Embassy in London had granted one year multiple entry journalist’s visas to the men. These type of visas had always been difficult to obtain without the permission of ISI.
Mullah Omar was listening to his Pakistani intelligence advisors, who wielded the greatest influence. Colonel Imam joined him in Kandahar in the days after 9/11. He urged Omar to ignore demands to hand over bin Laden and to resist the American attacks. He advised Omar to pull back into the mountains and wage a guerrilla war , as they had done against the Soviet Army.
Since 1970s , Pakistan began supporting Afghan Islamists. So it was the continuation of a policy to dominate Afganistan pursued by Paksitan. It meant that when Musharaf agreed to cooperate with America after 9/11 and abondon Taliban , he was going against nearly thirty years of Pakistani strategic thinking.
American officials should have realized that it was inconceivable for Pakistan to give up on so much time and investment , or that the military and security establishment could change its intsitutional thinking so easily.
“America should have selected to crush al Qaeda and the Taliban in Pakistan, rather than go to war in Iraq.” Habib Jalib Baloch, Quetta Politicians.
All the leadership of the Alqaeda and Taliban were in Pakistan under the cover of ISI and Pakistan establishment.
Thus Pakistan succeeded in its conspiracy against Afghanistan again.
Pakistan had handed over the entire tribal belt to al Qaeda and Taliban. Hundreds of foreign fighters , taliban and al Qaeda members who had fled Afghanistan in 2001 and 2002 , had setteld in Pakistani side under the cover of ISI. Pakistan government and intelligence officials were sympethetic to the foreign fighters. And uder the foreign pressure, when Pakistan was compelled to crush them, Pakistan army and ISI were telling these militants in advance to leave the place before raids. They cross the border into Afghanistan and after the raids they come back across the border into Pakistan.
A longtime base for the mjuahideen during the 1980s, Quetta had become since 2001 the Taliban’s home in Exile. Quetta now served as an important military garrison town for Pakistan.
When Kandahar fell, Taliban escaped across the border to Pakistan where they were warmly welcomed by the ISI for their future plans in Afghanistan.
President General Musharraf was military hardliner in his support for the Taliban in Afghanistan and Kashmiri militants.
That’s why Musharaf was not ready to dismantle the thousands of homegrown guerrilla fighters-Afghans , Pakistanis, and Kashmiris, who had been trained as proxy insurgent forces as part of Pakistan’s thirty -years-old defense strategy. Musharaf planned to keep the thousands of fighters who returned from Afghanistan in reserve, hidden somewhere. Senior leaders of Afghan Taliban were secrelty taken into the protective custody of safe house.
In 2002 election , to pressurize the USA and NATO in Afghanitan , Pakistan under the cover of ISI brought into power the six religious parties coalition Muttahida Majlese amal (MMA) in North West frontier Province(NWFP) and Balochistan. Thus this elction changed the makeup of the Pakistani assembly. A lot of memebers of the assembly had been fighting along with Taliban in Afghanistan and thus the tyrranny of the Taliban had entered Peshawar’s parliment. The election of the MMA into provincial governments of the NWFP and Baluchistan was a great boon for the Taliban and Islamists inside Pakistan.
In the meanwhile Mullah Omar emerged from a long silence in February 2003, sending a letter from hiding calling on all Afghans to wage a holy war ( Jihad) against American forces. He also made an audio recording with a similar message. He further added ” Those who do not stop helping the Americans , we will slit their throats , target them with bombs and shoot them, especially those who work as spies. If they do not stop , their punishment will be very very harsh, and we will blow up their houses.
The foreign figters were promised by Pakistan that when they will go to Afghanistan for insurgency and come back, they will be given Pakistani citizenship. They had been issued brand-new Paksitani Passports which they proudly showed to charlotta Gall.
After the insurgency in Afghanistan they retreated in good order to the border crossing and passed into Pakistan.
Publicly Pakistani officials denied that foreign militants were sheltering in the tribal area in the same way that they denied Taliban members were hiding in Quetta.
It was clear already then that the influx of foreign fighters were radicalizing the Pashtun tribesmen among whom they lived and that what Pakistan wanted to use these radicalized Pashtuns for its proxy war in Afghanistan.
Tribal area was a free zone for Al qaeda and taliban training and other activities.
Yet instead of removing the fighters or containing their extremist influence, Pakistan’s generals sought to use them and direct their zeal across the border against American and NATO presence in Afghanistan.
On April 24 , 2004 , Lieutenant General safdar Hussian , the overall commander for the tribal areas, embraced the militant leader Nek Mohammad at a peace ceremony before hunderds of Tribmen from the Shakai area.
In October 2004, Musharraf appointed Lieutenant General Ashfaq Kayani as the head of ISI who was an advocate of formal strategic assisstance for the Afghan Taliban…… TO BE CONTINUED……
Mashal Khan Takkar
Editor in Chief
THE VOICE TIMES